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Inkayni Peru Tours

Inkayni Peru Tours

What you should know about Ashaninka Communal Reserve

Communal Reserves are areas protected by the government in order to conserve and protect the great diversity of flora and fauna which will also contribute to the people who live there. In the case of the Ashaninka Communal Reserve, it protects the area where people from Cusco and Junin departments live.

One of the tourist attractions that stands out most is the waterfall of the Cutivireni river. Would you like to know more about this beautiful waterfall? Join us, Inkayni Peru Tours, and discover more about Ashaninka Communal Reserve.

Reserva Comunal Asháninka

Ashaninka Communal Reserve


The Communal Reserve is located in Vilcabamba Mountain range in the districts of Tambo and Pichari rivers, in the departments of Junin and Cusco.


It covers an area of 184 468,38 hectares.

Climate and Best season:

Climate in Ashaninka Communal Reserve varies since it is located between two departments of Peru. Therefore, we recommend visiting the reserve during the dry season, from April to October.


  •  Temperatures in the lower altitudes (below 1,000 m) is around 25° C., and above 2,000 m, temperatures can drop to below 20° C.
  • Between 1,000 and 2,000 m, the temperature drops to 22° C.
  • When it is above 2,000 m, temperatures can drop to below 20° C .
  • Precipitation varies considerably according to the region and time of year. In the lowland areas near forested slopes, which are drier areas, precipitation is approximately 2,000 mm per year. 
  • In the high, moist tropical rainforest regions, annual precipitation is approximately 3,000 mm.


The main focus of the Ashaninka Communal Reserve is to guarantee the biological biodiversity conservation for the benefit of neighboring native communities.


Ashaninka Communal Reserve was created on January 13, 2003. This reserve was established in order to conserve and protect biological diversity that exists in the area of the departments of Cusco and Junin. Within this communal reserve, new settlements are prohibited as are expansion of agricultural or livestock activities, and timber extraction. Communal reserve establishment does not grant property rights to the communities. Instead, the state recognizes and protects the right of traditional access to natural resources for subsistence-based activities. In this case, the state recognizes the rights of the native community of the Ashaninkas; they should exercise their user rights in harmony with the objectives of the natural protected areas as established by law.

With this reserve Ener, Tambo and Apurimac rivers, which are the main water resource, will be protected. Up until now, a total of 7796 inhabitants of the Ashaninkas and Caquintes are registered.

Gallito de las Rocas hembra

Female cock of the rock

What types of forests can you observe?

  • Tropical dry forest: Along the Ene and Perene river the trees can grow up to 15 meters high.
  • Very humid: Climax forest prevails.
  • Tropical premontane rainforest: It is located between 1 300 to 1 800 m.a.s.l. You can observe ferns.
  • Tropical lower montane rainforest and subtropical: Here you can observe rare species.

Flora in the Ashaninka Communal Reserve:

See below some of the species that can be seen in Ashaninka Communal Reserve.

  • White kapok
  • Chimicua
  • Mohena
  • Virola sebifera (Cumala)
  • Mashonaste
  • Ubos
  • Manchinga

Timber trees:

  • Mount Cacao tree
  • Mahogany
  • Cedar
  • Tornillo (cedrorana)
  • Balsa Wood Tree (Ochroma pyramidale)
  • Aguaje
  • Others
Helechos gigantes

Giant ferns

Wildlife of Ashaninka Communal Reserve:

Ashaninka Communal Reserve has an important variety of species that are protected by the Peruvian government:

  • At least 115 species of birds, one that stands out is the white-collar owl.
  • 13 types of reptiles and amphibians
  • 2 species of fish
  • 19 butterfly types
  • 60 spider species
  • 4 families of crickets (with 22 species)
  • 166 species of beetles
  • 102 species of bees and wasps

Among the Mammals, you can see:

  • Sepia short-tailed opossum
  • Spider monkey
  • Tigrillo or oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus)
  • Otorongo or jaguar
  • Armadillo
  • Lowland paca
  • Spectacled bear
  • Black spider monkey
  • Puma
  • Deer
  • Capybaras
  • Others
Oso de anteojos con un Ozesno

Spectacled bear with its cub


  • White-collar owl
  • Three-striped Warbler
  • Red-and-white antpitta
  • Blue Macaw
  • Cock of the rocks
  • Others.

Tourist Attractions:

  • The reserve has a great variety of flora and fauna that contributes to the beauty of the area.
  • One of the most outstanding attractions are the 300-meter-high waterfalls descending. A total of 55 waterfalls that come from the Cutivireni river.
  • At the lower part of the Tambo River you can observe stone engravings, which are believed to be Inca handmade.
  • Native communities that surround the reserve are interesting tourist routes existente. Therefore, there are 3 tourist circuits that take you to the native families.

Circuits to visit the native families:

  • Ene – Urubamba: Mamiri, Tsoyeni, Mipaya, Tangoshiari, Cutivireni, Mayobenti, Patsani, Macamaría, Kotchiri.
  • Tambo – Urubamba: Poyeni, Tsoroja, Taini, Tangoshiari.
  • Cutivireni – Quempiri: Parijaro – Mayobenti – Paveni.


Other attractions:

  • Tsiapo waterfall
  • Parijaron
  • Sariteto
  • Three sisters (Tres Hermanas)
  • Maysanteni
  • Patsani
  • Cobeja
  • *Pavirontsi: the largest natural bridge in the world.

How to get there?

Since it is located deep in the departments of Peru, we recommend hiring the service of a licensed Tour Operators. This way, you can make the most of the experience and avoid any inconvenience. Your preferred agency will arrange everything in advance for you to visit Ashaninka Communal Reserve.

Inkayni Tips:

  • Bring your personal documents
  • It’s important to keep hydrated
  • Wear a hat and sunscreen to prevent sun damage.
  • Pack light clothes for hiking
  • For cold night, bring warm clothes
  • Take some cash (preferably local currency for additional expenses)
  • Don’t forget to bring your camera

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