May 22, International Day for Biological Diversity
The United Nations has proclaimed May 22 The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB). When first created by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in late 1993, 29 December (the date of entry into force of the Convention of Biological Diversity), was designated The International Day for Biological Diversity.
Therefore, it is vital to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues in Peru and worldwide.
What is Biological Diversity?
Biological diversity is often understood in terms of the wide variety of plants, animals and microorganisms, but it also includes genetic differences within each species — for example, between varieties of crops and breeds of livestock — and the variety of ecosystems (lakes, forest, deserts, agricultural landscapes) that host multiple kind of interactions among their members (humans, plants, animals).
What is the main objective of celebrating International Day for Biological Diversity?
The main objective is to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues.
Importance of Biodiversity
Biological diversity resources are the pillars upon which we build civilizations. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, fish provide 20 percent of animal protein to about 3 billion people. Over 80 percent of the human diet is provided by plants. As many as 80 percent of people living in rural areas in developing countries rely on traditional plant‐based medicines for basic healthcare.
According to the Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, the main global drivers of biodiversity loss are climate change, invasive species, over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution and urbanization. The Global Report demonstrated the responsibility of human activities in the loss of biodiversity, which amounted to 75% for terrestrial ecosystems.
What can we do to protect Biodiversity?
To halt or reverse this decline it is vital to transform people’s roles, actions and relationships with biodiversity. Inkayni Peru Tours promotes the conservation of natural areas in the region. That is why, we are glad to share some suggestions to preserve our biodiversity:
- Plant local flowers, fruit, and vegetables. Research the plants and vegetables that are local to your area and grow a variety.
- Protect natural habitats. Small steps like keeping to walking paths, and not stepping through flowers or crops, can help protect what is growing there.
- Avoid having wild animals as pets with you. Remember that they are happier living in their natural habitat.
- Help the bees! Bees pollinate nearly 90% of plant species and they contribute to more than 35% of the world’s food supply. Give pollinators an extra boost in your backyard by planting a variety of wildflowers and native plants to provide nectar that will bloom throughout the season.
- Leave critical wildlife habitat undisturbed, especially nesting and denning sites. Promote wildlife use by setting up bird and bat houses.
- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Recycling reduces pollution by decreasing energy, electricity, and water consumption and the need for landfills. Not only can you recycle bottles and cans, but you can also recycle clothes, electrical goods and batteries.
- Leave native plants undisturbed, and landscape using native trees and vegetation. Native plants are well adapted to local conditions and provide a low maintenance, drought resistant garden and can prevent local flooding.