Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary
Peru like any other country had gone through diverse important events that turned it into the country that it is now. One of these important events was the Battle of Ayacucho in 1824, which took place in “Pampa de Ayacucho”, a perfect scenario to achieve independence from the Hispano-American nations.
Join us on this beautiful tour of the Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary. This way you will be part of Peruvian history. Pampa de Ayacucho offers many attractive sites to visit. Among them is a monument that has a height of 44 meters and captures everyone’s attention.
Location and size of Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary:
Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary is a Peruvian protected area. It is located in the province of Huamanga, Ayacucho and has an extension of 300 hectares.
Battle of Ayacucho:
Victorious Battle of Ayacucho took place in the Pampa with the same name of the province of Huamanga, Ayacucho. The Battle of Ayacucho was a decisive military encounter during the Peruvian War of Independence. It was the battle that secured the independence of Peru and ensured independence for the rest of South America. In Peru it is considered the end of the Spanish American wars of independence, although the campaign of the victor Antonio José de Sucre, continued through 1825 in Upper Peru and the siege of the fortresses Chiloé and Callao finally ended in 1826.
As of late 1824, Royalists still had control of most of the south of Peru as well as of Real Felipe Fort in the port of Callao. On 9 December 1824, the Battle of Ayacucho took place between Royalist and Independentist forces. Independentist forces were led by Simón Bolívar’s lieutenant Sucre. Viceroy José de la Serna was wounded, and after the battle second commander-in-chief José de Canterac signed the final capitulation of the Royalist army.
Who led the battle of Ayacucho?
The victorious Battle of Ayacucho was led by Antonio Jose de Sucre together with the United Liberation Army of Peru.
Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary:
Thanks to the victory in Pampa de Ayacucho (on December 9th, 1824) during Fernando Belaunde Terry government and through the Supreme Decrete Nº 119-80-AA, on August 14, 1980, it was declared this important area of Peruvian history as Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary:
Aims of the Supreme Decrete Nº 119-80-AA:
- Protect cultural, and historic heritage of the Battle of Ayacucho scenario.
- Preserve the cultural and craft manifestations of the local people.
- Ensure the preservation of our flora and fauna diversity.
- Offer facilities for the people to have an area to recreation and culture.
- Improve and broaden the tourist circuit of Ayacucho – Wari ruins – Quinua – Pampa de Ayacucho.
Pampa de Ayacucho is a plain where diverse species develop such as:
- Plantain weed
- Pinco Pinco (Ephedraceae)
- Ichu (gras)
Mostly, these fauna species that are found in Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary are part of the cattle diet.
- Regarding the fauna, in Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary you can observe the following species:
- Andean goose
- Puna Tinamou
- Andean Tinamou
- Mountain caracara (Guarahuau)
- Andean lapwing (Lique Lique)
- Kulle kulle (Attagis gayi)
Main Attractions of Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary:
Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary has different tourist attractions that you can enjoy while visiting this important place. The main attractions are:
Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary handicrafts is the perfect mix of Andean and Hispanic culture. The department of Ayacucho is notable for its beautiful handicrafts known as “retablos”. Retablos are a sophisticated Peruvian folk art in the form of portable boxes which depict religious, historical, or everyday events that are important to the Indigenous people of the highlands.
Obelisk is a large monument that is one of the most outstanding tourist attraction that Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary has. It was built by the Spanish Aurelio Bernardino in honor of the victors of the Battle of Ayacucho. It has a height of 44 meters and was erected to mark the years of war sparked by Túpac Amaru’s first rebellion in 1780.
Outside of Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary, you can observe some vestiges of the Wari culture. This culture covered various departments of Peru such as Cajamarca, Lambayeque, Cusco and Arequipa.
How to get to Pampa de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary?
Historical Sanctuary is located 37 km from the department of Ayacucho. It takes from 50 minutes to 1 hour approximately to get there. We recommend going there with the assistance of a tourist agency to avoid any inconvenience and enjoy your stay in Ayacucho.
- Bring your personal documents with you all the time.
- Hire the service of a licensed tourist agency to have a high quality tour in Ayacucho.
- Wear sunscreen and a hat to prevent sun damage.
- It’s important to keep hydrated.
- Acclimatize to the altitude in Ayacucho arriving 2 or 3 days before you start any strenuous hike.